Henry Erskine had titles and land, but little money. His title was Lord Auchterhouse, Earl of Buchan and Lord Cardross. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society from 1734, a freemason, and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland.
The Buchan clan was one of the most ancient in Scotland, with connections to the royal families of England, France, and Italy dating back to the thirteenth century. But when the 10th Earl of Buchan was born, there was little remaining of the family’s former wealth and glory—but he married well.